Research Models Assessing GRC and Hypotheses To Be Tested

Research models and hypotheses about GRC are briefly discussed in this file. The models can be useful in conceptualizing how moderator and mediator variables, including situational cues relate to GRC. These research models and hypotheses are evolving and promote more complex research designs, specifically how GRC develops psychosocially/developmentally and how it is acted out situationally in men’s lives. More elaborate research models are needed to assess GRC and the present ones are considered preliminary and incomplete, meaning not fully developed or operationalized.

Below are six research models related to GRC and the references where you can obtain more information on what they mean.

Published Research Models and GRC

O’Neil, J.M., Good, G.E. & Holmes, S.E. (1995). Fifteen years of theory and research on men’s gender role conflict: New paradigms for empirical research.  In R. Levant & W. Pollack (Eds.), A New Psychology of Men. New York: Basic Books.

O’Neil, J.M. (2008). Summarizing twenty-five years of research on men’s gender role conflict using the Gender Role Conflict Scale: New research paradigms and clinical implications. The Counseling Psychologist. 36, 358-445.

O’Neil, J.M. (2008). Men’ gender role conflict: 25 year research summary (Special Issue). The Counseling Psychologist, 36, 358-476.

O’Neil, J.M. (2015). Four contextual paradigms for gender role conflict research. In J.M. O’Neil, Men’s gender role conflict: Psychological costs, consequences, and an agenda for change, pp 165-206. Washington, D.C. APA Books.

O’Neil, J.M. & Denke, R. (2015). An Empirical review of the gender role conflict research: New conceptual models and research paradigms. In J. Wong and S. Wester (Eds.) APA Handbook of the Psychology of Men and Masculinities. (pp 51-80), Washington, D.C.: APA Books.