GRC Research Summary Publications

This file is useful to researchers seeking summaries of the many GRC empirical studies. Seven publications are listed from 1995 to 2017 and provide summaries of the past empirical research and direction for the future study.

Also, in this file is a video lecture, “40 Years of Gender Role Conflict Research Program” that summarizes the GRC research program and the specific studies from 2013-2016. The topics include international studies, American diversity studies, vulnerable men, and adolescents. Recent international translations of the GRCS are reported and new directions for research are enumerated.


O’Neil, J.M., Good, G.E. & Holmes, S.E. (1995). Fifteen years of theory and research on men’s gender role conflict: New paradigms for empirical research.  In R. Levant & W. Pollack (Eds.), A New Psychology of Men. New York: Basic Books.

O’Neil, J.M. (2008). Men’ gender role conflict: 25 year research summary (Special Issue). The Counseling Psychologist, 36, 358-476.

O’Neil, J.M. (2008). Summarizing twenty-five years of research on men’s gender role conflict using the Gender Role Conflict Scale: New research paradigms and clinical implications. The Counseling Psychologist. 36, 358-445.

O’Neil, J.M. (2011).  The Psychology of  men.  Oxford Handbook of Counseling Psychology, E. Altmaier & J. Hansen (Eds.), New York: Oxford University Press.

O’Neil, J.M. (2013). Gender-role conflict research thirty years later: An evidenced based diagnostic schema. Journal of Counseling and Development. 91, 499-498.

O’Neil, J.M. (2015). Summary of the gender role conflict research program. In J.M. O’Neil, Men’s gender role conflict: Psychological costs, consequences, and an agenda for change, pp 123-164. Washington, D.C. APA Books.

O’Neil, J.M. & Denke, R. (2015). An Empirical review of the gender role conflict research: New conceptual models and research paradigms. In J. Wong and S. Wester (Eds.) APA Handbook of the Psychology of Men and Masculinities. (pp 51-80), Washington, D.C.: APA Books.